Bunion & Hammer Toe

Glendale Foot and Ankle Podiatry Center

Hermoz B. Ayvazian, DPM, FACFAS, QME

Podiatry located in Glendale, CA & Burbank, CA

Bunions and hammertoes both cause painful lumps on the feet that worsen without treatment and may, in severe cases, need surgery. Hermoz Ayvazian, DPM, FACFAS, QME, and his team at Glendale Foot and Ankle Podiatry Center provide expert treatment options for bunions and hammertoes at their branches in Glendale and Burbank, Los Angeles. To receive the best possible care, call Glendale Foot and Ankle Podiatry Center today, or book an appointment online.

Bunion & Hammer Toe Q & A

What are bunions and hammertoes?

Bunions and hammertoes are both conditions in which lumps form on or near your toes.


Bunions form when the joint at the base of your big toe starts to press on the metatarsal bone behind it. The affected joint is at the widest part of your foot, and it causes a lump to develop there that gradually enlarges and becomes more painful over time.


Hammertoes also cause lumps, but they’re most likely to affect the smaller toes and not your big toe. The lump is flexible at first, so you can still move the middle joint of the affected toe, but in time, the tendons seize up, and the hammertoe becomes rigid.

Both bunions and hammertoes start off as quite minor annoyances, but if left untreated, both can develop to a point where surgery could be your only option.

What treatments are available for bunions and hammertoes?

If you start to develop any kind of lump or pain in your feet, check your footwear, because ill-fitting, unsupportive shoes can both cause and worsen many foot problems, including bunions and hammertoes.

Look for new, well-fitting shoes that allow plenty of room for the bunion or hammertoe and provide support to the structures inside your feet, to help reduce internal pressure. Avoid very flat shoes like flip-flops, and high heels.

The treatments for bunions and hammertoes used at Glendale Foot and Ankle Podiatry Center aim to reduce inflammation and support your feet and toes so you can avoid the condition worsening. These conservative treatment approaches include:

  • Custom shoes or orthotics
  • Padding or splinting
  • Taping the foot into a normal position
  • Cortisone injections
  • Pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory medications
  • Ice packs
  • Physical therapy
  • Toe spacers for hammertoes

If these approaches aren’t successful, your provider can discuss surgical options with you.

When would I need surgery for bunions or hammertoes?

Surgery is an option for severe cases of bunions and hammertoes that aren’t improving with more conservative measures. Bunion surgery involves realigning the bones, or in some cases, cutting sections away to reshape the bunion.

A tenotomy or tendon release procedure can help ease the symptoms of flexible hammertoes; arthroplasty or joint remodeling is best for less flexible hammertoes, and arthrodesis or joint fusion is most effective for rigid hammertoes.

If you have a bunion or hammertoe, your provider at Glendale Foot and Ankle Podiatry Center can go through the possible treatment options with you. They can advise you on the best course of action after examining your feet and assessing the severity of your condition. 

To take advantage of their expertise, call the office today, or book an appointment online.